METHODOLOGIES, MANAGEMENT, CATALYST, THEORIES
Martin Hoskin teaches us that curiosity reinvigorates our relationship with research and our approach to knowledge. He challenges us to arrive at our own definition of research:
To gain knowledge through exploration and study of the unknown or of curiosity.
We’re asked to sketch a room and then evaluate it, study it to arrive at set of data that describes the space:
ETYMOLOGY: The study of words, their origin, and how their form and meaning have changed over time
How we categorize knowledge and how we reflect on that knowledge
IMPERICISIM vs. RATION/REASON:
Metaphysics: ultimate sense of reality. Man, God, nature of being, what’s it all about
Aesthetics: nature of beauty, perception, order, proportion
Ethics: how we should conduct ourselves, judgement, morality, individual vs. state
Epistemology: Engages the theory of knowledge itself. Methods validity, origin, scope, limits, justified belief vs. opinion
METHODOLOGY: Research the overall approach to studies. A body of shared procedures by those who work in a particular discipline. What genre of knowledge are you using to underpin your inquiry or approach?
METHOD: Process used for the collection of data for the purpose of analysis. The way you’re going to do what you’re going to do.
Facts about phenomena
Minimize unintended harm
Obtain informed consent
Protect anonymity and confidentiality
Avoid deceptive practices
Providing the right to withdraw
Primary sources: first-hand evidence, legal documents, eyewitness accounts, results of experiments, creative writing, speeches, recordings, and art objects
Secondary sources: scholarly books, articles, magazines, reports, encyclopedias, handbooks, dictionaries, documentaries, and newspapers
Formal: direct description of what an individual has done and how they’ve done it, a description
Contextual: wider context, item fits into or impacts the world around it. When, why, for whom.
WHAT MAKES A GOOD RESEARCH QUESTION?
Relevant: must be of academic and intellectual interest, arises from issues raises in literature or practices
Manageable: must be able to access your sources of data, objects, people, documents, give a full and nuanced answer to your question
Substantial and original: must showcase imaginative abilities, no matter how far it may be couched in literature
Fit for assessment: must be open for assessment
Clear and simple
Interesting: not too convenient
Currency: up to date, out of date, does it matter?
Relevance: does it relate well to research area?
Authority: who is the author or source?Are they credible?
Accuracy: is it reliable? Truthful? Correct?
Purpose: What is the reason it exists? Who is it aimed at?
Laurel, B. (Ed) (2003) Design Research: Methods and Perspectives. Massachusetts: MIT Press.
Collins, H. (2010) Creative Research; The Theory & Practice of Research for the Creative Industries. Lausanne: AVA Publishing.
Bestley, R. Noble, I. (2016) Visual Research: An Introduction to Research Methods in Graphic Design. London: Bloomsbury.